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Israel – Hamas: What You Don’t Know


It was the 7th day of October 2023. A day that will be remembered for the massacre and kidnap of so many innocent Israelis who were on and about having fun at a party. Women, children, grandparents, Christians, Jews and Muslims alike were attacked by the dreaded Hamas terrorist group which has been known to wage war against Israel for the past seven decades.

The unprecedented attack by the Palestinian terrorist group has stirred a lot of reactions. As expected, Israel has retaliated with the bombardment of the Gaza Strip. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has vowed to annihilate the group despite calls for a cease-fire by most of the countries in the Middle East.

At the moment, the (Israeli Defence Forces) IDF are currently making strides in Gaza. They have been mandated to rescue those who were kidnapped and destroy all the locations where the terrorists are hiding.


Israel-Palestinian conflict dates back to the 19th century. The war was sparked as a result of Zionists seeking to establish a homeland for the Jews who inhabited Ottoman-controlled Palestine. This region corresponds to the land of Israel in the tradition of the Jews.

David Ben-Gurion, the founding father of Israel proclaimed on the 14th day of May 1948 the country a modern state. The proclamation established a safe region for Jews who were fleeing persecution and looking for a land/place they call their home.

Israel created the Nakba, and since then, this has been a stumbling block to the dream of Palestine becoming a state.

In the following war, over 700,000 Palestinians, about half of the Arab population who were ruled by the British in Palestine fled their homes. They were scattered all over East Jerusalem, the West Bank, Gaza, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan.

Despite being fingered for destabilizing Palestine and driving them from their homes, Israel has vehemently denied this claim. Israelis claim they were attacked after their creation by five Arab nations. However, the fight was halted by the Armistice Pact in 1949 even though a formal peace was not brokered. Palestinians who didn’t run away from their habitation at that time are part of the Arab Israeli community, which is about 20% of Israel’s population.



The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a complex and longstanding issue with multiple underlying factors. Here are the main issues that contribute to the conflict:

Territorial Disputes

The conflict revolves around competing claims to land. Both Israelis and Palestinians assert their right to self-determination and sovereignty over the same territory. Specifically, the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. The establishment of Israeli settlements in the occupied territories and the control of borders and resources are major points of contention.

Borders and Security

Determining the borders between Israel and a future Palestinian state is a significant challenge. Security concerns for both Israelis and Palestinians, including the threat of terrorism and the presence of militant groups, further complicate negotiations and the establishment of stable borders.

Status of Jerusalem

Jerusalem holds deep religious and cultural significance for both Israelis and Palestinians. The question of who should control the city and its holy sites, including the Western Wall, the Al-Aqsa Mosque, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, remains a major obstacle to peace negotiations.

Refugees and Right of Return

The Palestinian refugee issue stems from the displacement of Palestinians. This happened during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war and subsequent conflicts. Palestinians demand the right of return for refugees and their descendants to their original homes, while Israel maintains that such a return would undermine the Jewish majority and the existence of the state.

Security and Recognition

Israel seeks recognition as a Jewish state. They guarantee their security from neighbouring countries and the Palestinian leadership. Palestinians, on the other hand, demand recognition of their right to self-determination and statehood.

Water and Resources

Access to water resources, particularly in the arid region, is crucial for both Israelis and Palestinians. The equitable distribution of water and control over water sources is a contentious issue. It affects daily life, agriculture, and economic development.




Palestinian refugees are those who, as a result of the 1948 Arab Israeli conflict and the 1967 Six-Day War, lost both their homes and their means of subsistence.  An estimated 711,000 Palestinians were reported to have left or been expelled from Israel after its formation in 1949.  Palestine suffered between 350,000 and 400,000 displacements during the 1967 Arab Israeli war. A third of the refugees live in recognized refugee camps. These camps are in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The remainder live in and around the cities and towns of these host countries.

While the majority of these individuals were not born in Israel, they are descended from the initial Palestinian refugees. Yasser Arafat and other Palestinian negotiators have so far openly maintained that refugees have the right to return to the areas they called home. This was between 1948 and 1967, including areas inside the 1949 Armistice lines. They have done this by citing UN General Assembly Resolution 194 and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as supporting documentation.

Nevertheless, as part of a peace agreement, they have reportedly accepted the return of just 10,000 refugees and their families to Israel. This was according to accounts of secret peace talks with Israel. It has been reported that in a private conversation, Palestine Liberation Organisation Chairman Mahmoud Abbas stated that it is “illogical to ask Israel to take 5 million, or indeed 1 million.” That would signify Israel’s demise. Abbas said in a follow-up interview that he was no longer automatically entitled to go back to his 1935 birthplace of Safed in the northern Galilee. Later on, he made it clear that the comment was his own and did not represent government policy.


Exactly why does this happen? Why are those who comprise just 0.2% of the world’s population the target of so much hostility? Why On Earth is a nation that accounts for less than 1% of the Middle East’s total land area blamed for most of the region’s problems?

Prejudice against or hate of Jews is known as anti-Semitism. Anti-Semitic acts in the US are still on the rise every year. Jews can be hated in a lot of ways, including through violent acts. In everyday life, it also manifests.

Hatred of Jews is currently one of the few things that the radical left and right can agree upon. If Karl Marx, who was descended from Jews, considered that Jews were the embodiment of capitalism, Adolf Hitler felt that Jews best represented communism. The Palestinians desire for their state’s capital to be East Jerusalem. This has places of worship for Christians, Jews, and Muslims. Jerusalem, according to Israel, should continue to be its “indivisible and eternal” capital. International recognition of Israel’s claim to the eastern portion of Jerusalem is lacking. In 2018, Trump relocated the American embassy to Jerusalem after recognising it as Israel’s capital. However, he did not clarify how much of the contested city was under Israeli sovereignty.

Currently, there are 5.6 million Palestinian refugees residing in Gaza, the Israeli-occupied West Bank, Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan. For the most part, they are the offspring of those who left in 1948. Approximately half of all registered refugees, according to the Palestinian Foreign Ministry, are still stateless. Many of them reside in overcrowded camps. For a considerable amount of time, Palestinians have been demanding the right of refugees. Millions of people descended from them to return. Israel maintains that any relocation of Palestinian refugees must occur outside of its borders.

Food For Thought

  • With Islam, the religion of peace being most practiced and dominant, why is the Middle East always at war?
  • What is the issue with Israelis settling in the West Bank? And why is Israel’s presence there referred to as an “occupation”?
  • What is the real motive behind Israel’s attempt to wipe out the whole Gaza Strip? And more importantly, why are the U.S funding Israel knowing fully well the terror and the lives involved? Could this all just be mere politics or is there more?
  • Is the Hamas truly a terrorist movement as painted by Israel or a group of Palestine freedom fighters who takes the bold fight head on with the Israeli government over the decades of massacre in Palestine?
  • Ever since the beginning of time, Iran and Israel has always been an enemy of Israel but a strong ally to Palestine. If Iran’s policy is strongly anti-Israel, and the U.S frowns upon Iran, could it be that Iran knows something that we don’t? Or perhaps they are trying to hide a secret?
  • From the Russia-Ukrainian War to the happenings in Sudan, Palestine – Israel – Hamas. Is it safe to assume that we are close to World War III?

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