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HomeBEST OF BEAUTYHair Loss: Balding Causes and Treatment

Hair Loss: Balding Causes and Treatment


Hair loss, also known as alopecia, is a common problem which affects people of all ages and genders. Its impact can stretch to the point of potentially affecting one’s self-esteem and entire quality of life. It is okay understand balding causes, but important to know what the treatments are.

That is because it also can influence one’s self-confidence and daily well-being. Hence, in this post, we aim to intensively look at balding causes and treatment. We have also covered effective treatment options, preventive measures as well as the latest advancements in trichology.

Understanding Hair Loss

1. Types of Hair Loss

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Androgenetic Alopecia (Male and Female Pattern Baldness):

The most prevalent type of hair loss is known as androgenetic alopecia. It affects both men and women manifesting as a gradual thinning of hair on the scalp in a predictable pattern. In men, this usually recedes hairline and balding at the top of the head while women may experience diffuse thinning across the scalp.

Alopecia Areata:

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder which causes sporadic hair loss on the scalp and certain body areas. It is believed to be caused by the immune system mistakenly attacking hair follicles. This leads to sudden hair loss in separate patches.
While the exact cause of alopecia areata remains unclear, genetic predisposition and environmental factors are thought to play a role. Alopecia Areata is one of the causes of balding and its treatment will be discussed later in this article.

Telogen Effluvium:

Telogen effluvium is a temporary form of hair loss which involves excessive shedding of hair. It is often induced by physical or emotional stress, hormonal fluctuations, inadequate nutrition, or specific medications. What makes telogen effluvium different from other types of hair loss is that it is usually reversible once the underlying cause is addressed.

2. Common Causes


Genetic predisposition is a key factor that leads to the development of androgenetic alopecia. Individuals with a family history of hair loss are more likely to experience thinning hair or baldness themselves. While the inheritance pattern of hair loss can be complex, variations in specific genes, such as those related to androgen receptors and hair follicle sensitivity, can contribute to the condition.

Hormonal Changes:

Hormonal fluctuations plays a role in various types of hair loss. For example, during pregnancy and menopause, changes in estrogen and progesterone levels can impact hair growth cycles, leading to temporary shedding or thinning. Similarly, conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can cause hormonal imbalances that affect hair health.

Medical Conditions:

Several medical conditions can contribute to hair loss, either directly or indirectly. Scalp infections, such as ringworm or folliculitis, can damage hair follicles and lead to hair loss in affected areas. Autoimmune disorders like lichen planus and lupus can also result in hair thinning or bald patches due to immune-mediated inflammation. Additionally, certain medications, such as chemotherapy drugs, retinoids, and anticoagulants, can cause hair loss as a side effect of their mechanisms of action.

Radiation therapy to the head, commonly used in cancer treatment, can also lead to hair loss by damaging hair follicles in the irradiated area. Understanding the potential impact of medical conditions and treatments on hair health is essential for managing and mitigating hair loss in affected individuals.

Hairstyles and Haircare:

The way we style and care for our hair can influence its health and resilience. Tight hairstyles that exert constant tension on the hair shaft, such as braids, ponytails, or extensions, can lead to a condition known as traction alopecia. What causes this type of hair loss is repetitive pulling on the hair, which can damage the follicles and result in hair breakage or thinning over time.

Chemical treatments, including hair dyes, relaxers, and perms, can also affect the structural integrity of the hair shaft. Harsh chemicals in these products can strip the hair of its natural oils, weaken the protein bonds that give it strength, and cause dryness or breakage. Properly assessing the risks and benefits of chemical treatments, as well as following recommended guidelines for their application and maintenance, is crucial for preserving hair health and minimizing the risk of damage.

3. Diagnosis and Treatment

Physical Examination:

When evaluating a patient for hair loss, healthcare providers typically conduct a thorough physical examination to assess the scalp, hair density, and overall hair health. This may involve examining the pattern of hair loss, checking for signs of inflammation or infection, and assessing the presence of underlying skin conditions that could be contributing to hair thinning.

In some cases, additional diagnostic tests could be recommended to identify potential causes of hair loss. Blood tests, such as a complete blood count (CBC) and thyroid function tests, can help detect hormonal imbalances, nutritional deficiencies, or autoimmune conditions that may be affecting hair growth. A scalp biopsy, where a small sample of skin tissue is taken for analysis, may also be performed to evaluate the health of hair follicles and identify any abnormalities.


Several medications are available for the treatment of hair loss, depending on the underlying cause and type of alopecia. Minoxidil, a topical solution applied to the scalp, is commonly used to stimulate hair growth and prevent further loss in individuals with androgenetic alopecia. It works by dilating blood vessels in the scalp, increasing blood flow to the hair follicles, and prolonging the growth phase of the hair cycle.

Finasteride, an oral medication approved for the treatment of male pattern baldness, works by inhibiting the enzyme 5-alpha reductase, which converts testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is a hormone that can shrink hair follicles and shorten the hair growth cycle, leading to miniaturization of the hair shaft and eventual balding. By blocking the production of DHT, finasteride helps maintain hair density and promote regrowth in men with androgenetic alopecia.

Corticosteroids, either in topical or injectable form, are commonly used to treat alopecia areata by suppressing the immune response that targets hair follicles. By reducing inflammation and immune activity in the affected areas, corticosteroids can help promote hair regrowth and stabilize the condition. However, long-term use of corticosteroids may be associated with side effects such as skin thinning, pigmentation changes, and increased risk of infection, so close monitoring by a healthcare provider is essential.

Hair Transplantation:

For individuals with advanced hair loss or those seeking a more permanent solution, try hair transplantation. This surgical procedure involves harvesting healthy hair follicles from a donor site, typically the back or sides of the scalp, and transplanting them into thinning or balding areas. Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) and Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) are the main techniques utilized in hair transplantation.

FUE involves extracting hair follicles individually from the donor area and implanting them precisely on the scalp. This technique minimizes scarring, appealing to patients focused on aesthetic results, making it a favoured option. FUT, on the other hand, removes a strip of skin with follicles from the donor region, dividing it for transplantation. Although FUT can leave a linear scar, it is suitable for those needing a higher graft count, offering effectiveness.

Lifestyle Changes

In addition to medical interventions, incorporating certain lifestyle changes can play a significant role in managing and preventing hair loss. Here are some key factors to consider in your lifestyle:

1. Nutrition:

A balanced diet that is rich in essential nutrients is crucial for maintaining healthy hair growth. Incorporating foods high in vitamins, minerals, and proteins can support hair follicle health. Include foods like leafy greens, nuts, seeds, eggs, fish, and lean meats in your diet. This will ensure you’re getting the necessary nutrients for strong and vibrant hair.

2. Hydration:

Another balding cause is dehydration which taking just enough water can serve as its treatment. Remaining hydrated is not just essential for body health but also for the health of your hair. Drinking enough water helps maintain the moisture balance in your scalp and promotes healthy hair growth. Aim to drink at least 8-10 glasses of water per day to keep your body and hair well-hydrated.

3. Stress Management:

Chronic stress contributes to hair loss by disrupting the hair growth cycle and triggering shedding. To lower stress levels and promote overall well-being, incorporate stress-reducing practices such as meditation, yoga, deep breathing exercises, or engage in hobbies.

4. Regular Exercise:

Physical activity not only benefits your overall health but also improves circulation to the scalp, promoting hair growth. Aim for regular exercise routines that get your heart rate up. It will also increase blood flow throughout your body, including your scalp.

5. Scalp Care:

Taking proper care of your scalp is key to maintaining healthy hair follicles. Avoid harsh chemicals in shampoos and styling products that can strip the scalp of its natural oils and cause irritation. Go for gentle, sulfate-free products that nourish the scalp and promote a healthy environment for hair growth.

6. Sleep Quality:

Adequate sleep is crucial for overall health and well-being, including the health of your hair. While sleeping, the body undergoes cell repair and regeneration, including those essential for hair growth. Strive for 7-9 hours of restful sleep nightly to promote healthy hair

7. Avoiding Smoking and Excessive Alcohol:

Balding causes is also traceable to smoking and excessive alcohol and avoiding these two is just the treatment you need. . Discoveries suggest that smoking has a link to poor circulation, which can impact hair follicles’ ability to receive essential nutrients for growth. Excessive alcohol consumption can also dehydrate the body and lead to nutritional deficiencies that may affect hair health. Quitting smoking and moderating alcohol intake can benefit not only your overall health but also your hair.


Hair loss can have a significant impact on one’s self-esteem and quality of life. Understand the various balding causes, from genetic factors to lifestyle choices to take proactive steps towards its treatments to avoid further hair loss.

By using a holistic approach that includes medical treatments, lifestyle changes, and proper hair care practices, individuals can optimize their chances of maintaining healthy hair growth and regaining confidence in their appearance.

Remember that seeking guidance from a dermatologist or healthcare professional is essential for accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment recommendations tailored to your specific needs. With the right support and interventions, managing hair loss is possible, and regaining a full head of healthy hair is within reach.


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