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Causes Of Early Menopause


“Why would a 30-year-old woman encounter menopause? What are the chances of early menopause for me? What is the earliest age for menopause?”

Factually, early menopause can be quite intriguing but at the same time, very disturbing. For an individual with the quest of knowledge on the causes of early menopause, you are definitely at the right place.

What is Early Menopause?

Just like puberty, menopause is a natural phase in the life of an adult woman where she loses her ability to conceive a child. When this happens, the menstrual cycle which is responsible for reproduction comes to an end. Menopause officially begins at age 45–55, though some women may experience this condition more gradually over months or years. For some women, menopause could come with severe pain, vomiting, or even lack of sleep – but keep in mind, these symptoms perfectly incline. The problem starts when they show forth earlier than expected, in other words – Early Menopause.

Early menopause can be best described as an irruption in the natural biological process of a female caused by hormonal imbalance, genetic mutation or certain other conditional factors. What makes early menopause a big concern is not the process, but the timeframe. While it is normal to be frightened of menopause, it shouldn’t be mistaken with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). POI is a clinical condition where regardless of age, periods suddenly stop due to insufficiency of eggs in the ovary. Unlike early menopause, there’s a tendency of getting your period back with POI. Menopause never gives that kind of opportunity. Once it starts, there’s literally no going back.

Causes of Early Menopause

Causes Of Early Menopause
Causes Of Early Menopause

Over 5% of women naturally go through early menopause – which means that in 1000 women, 50 are likely to get to menopause earlier than usual. However, research has indicated that this percentage of women get their menopause induced by certain factors. The most common causes of early menopause are:


Unlike in the anatomy of men, there is an adverse effect smoking tend to leave on women. We could take a whole year talking about them all – strokes, lung cancer, heart attacks, and a plethora of other deadly cancers. However, above all these, the inability to conceive resulting into menopause is the worst thing smoking can do to a woman. There are approximately 600 ingredients that go into cigarette making. Amongst these toxic ingredients, nicotine vastly affects the female reproductive system leading to irregular periods, a decrease in oestrogen levels, vaginal dryness and a capital case of early menopause. Other symptoms could be changes in blood flow and dizziness.

Abuse of Contraceptives

The main function of contraceptives is to prevent women from getting pregnant especially after unprotected sex. As tiny as a contraceptive pill can be, they are capable of disrupting the hormonal balance, as well as prevent ovulation. That is why, it is normally prescribed to not take more than 1-2 contraceptive/birth control pills per cycle. An abuse of contraceptives can increase the chances of early menopause. When you constantly interfere with the natural menstrual cycle, lowering the oestrogen level, the higher the risk of early menopause and other medical conditions like cervical cancer, ovarian cyst and many others. Aside birth pills, other medications could leave this same effect.

Genetic Makeup

A mutation in the genetic makeup or a decrease in the number of chromosomes required in a female can also increase the chances of leading to early menopause. Biologically, for a baby to be assigned female from birth, two X-chromosomes (XX) which are considered to be the sex chromosomes must be in place. The sex chromosomes and the normal 22 autosomes in a cell of a human body is what makes up the genetic foundation for any living thing. For men, the XY-chromosomes (XY) are considered to be the sex chromosomes. Then again, a decrease or an increase in these chromosome proportions could lead to severe conditions which happen to be exclusive for both genders. For women? Early menopause and Infertility.


As surprising as this may sound, infections have a greater risk increasing the chances of early menopause in women especially if not treated urgently. The longer the delay of treatment and duration of infections like staphylococcus, gonorrhoea, yeast infections, herpes, the higher the risks. These infections are often triggered by bacteria, fungus and even parasites of which, could get to the cervix and fallopian tube, causing a series of distressing conditions in the female reproductive system.

Hereditary factors

According to Mendel’s Law of Inheritance, in every generation, a plenitude of traits are passed down from one lineage to the other through genes. Which means, if your grandma or great grandma got to experience early menopause, then there’s a high probability that either you or your offspring could also be a victim of early menopause.

Hormonal Imbalance

Keep in mind, lifestyle choices directly proportionate to healthy wellbeing as well as hormonal balance. Indulging in chronic stressful activities, improper dieting can cause hormonal imbalance on a long run. Aside early menopause, certain conditions like ovarian cancer, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) could also arise due to hormonal imbalance. Conclusively, hormonal levels have a great deal of effect on both neurological, metabolic and reproductive systems that is why, you must crucially ensure balance at all times.

Symptoms of Early Menopause

Despite early menopause being an internal reproductive issue, there are certain consistent symptoms that can be used to trace its occurrence.

  • Abdominal pains
  • Consistent urge to pee
  • Dryness of the vaginal walls
  • Itching of the vagina
  • Pain and burning sensations during sex
  • Insomnia
  • Hot flashes
  • Pause in periods within months
  • Hair loss
  • Fatigue
  • Sudden massive weight gain
  • Irregular period and ovulation cycles
  • Uncontrolled night sweats
  • Decrease in sex drive
  • Mood swings
  • Inability to focus
  • Lack of mental alertness

What is the earliest age for menopause?

After a person has not had their period for 12 months in a row, menopause sets in. For many people, it occurs naturally between the ages of 40 and 58. But the earliest age for menopause is 40. Anything far below this age is considered early menopause.

Chances of Menopause at 30:

Menopause before age 40, especially at 30, is extremely rare, affecting only about 1% of women. The likelihood of a 30-year-old woman encountering menopause is exceptionally low.

How to prevent early menopause

Regardless how early menopause could be way beyond personal control, scientific study has shown that certain lifestyle changes can reduce the possibilities of experiencing early menopause first-hand.

  • Quit smoking
  • Deviate from stressful activities
  • Eat Healthy
  • Introduction of Folic Acid
  • Prioritize vaginal health
  • Exercise more
  • Treat infections with urgency
  • Engage in medical screening often
  • Use contraceptives with prescription and discretions
  • Follow up steady sleep patterns
  • Limiting caffeine and alcohol

When to see a doctor for early menopause

Causes Of Early Menopause
Causes Of Early Menopause

For early menopause, a doctor’s appointment should be scheduled when the symptoms outlined in this article are consistent, hindering daily function or causing a decline in sexual affairs.


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